A site that has previously been developed. Brownfield sites may have been used for a wide variety of former activities including: commercial buildings, housing, industry, airfields, parks and so on. These sites may even be still in use and are not necessarily ready for development.
A planning brief can include site-specific development briefs, design briefs, development frameworks and master plans that seek to positively shape future development.
Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment. A public body acting as a champion of good design in England.
The Secretary of State can "call in" certain planning applications that local authorities propose to approve. For example, where it may have wider effects beyond the immediate locality, significant regional or national controversy, or potential conflict with national policy. These will then be subject to a public inquiry presided over by a Planning Inspector who will make recommendation to the Secretary of State who will decide the application instead of the local planning authority.
The amount of money you invest is usually referred to as your capital.
The amount your investment increases during the period of investment.
A change in the way that land or buildings are used (see Use Classes Order). Planning permission is usually necessary in order to change from one 'use class' to another.
A legal arrangement that allows a former owner to maintain a financial interest in a piece of land. It will entitle them to some of the proceed of a subsequent sale.
A new national standard for sustainable design and construction of new homes launched in December 2006.
This is the name of the legal document that covers any land sale in the UK.
'Communities and Local Government' is the successor department to the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (ODPM). It is an expanded department with a powerful new remit to promote community cohesion and equality, as well as responsibility for housing, urban regeneration, planning and local government
A Development Plan Document setting out the spatial vision and strategic objectives of the planning framework for an area, having regard to the Community Strategy (see also DPDs).
The organisation responsible for advising government and taking action on issues affecting the social, economic and environmental well being of the English countryside.
Covenant is another word for an obligation on the part of an individual which is defined in a legal document. In UK land, covenants often appear on title deeds and prohibit certain uses of that land.
These are the ownership documents issued by the Office of H.M. Land Registry. These are now in a downloadable format from www.landregistry.gov.uk
A power conferred to designated planning officers by locally elected councillors so that the officers may take decisions on specified planning matters behalf of the council.
When referring to UK land, density describes the number of buildings (usually homes) per acre.
The reduction in the value of an item over time.
A planning application seeking full permission for a development proposal, with no matters reserved for later planning approval.
Development Plan Documents are prepared by local planning authorities and outline the key development goals of the local development framework. Development Plan Documents include the core strategy, site-specific allocations of land and, where needed, area action plans. There will also be an adopted proposals map which illustrates the spatial extent of policies that must be prepared and maintained to accompany all DPDs. All DPDs must be subject to rigorous procedures of community involvement, consultation and independent examination, and adopted after receipt of the inspector's binding report. Once adopted, development control decisions must be made in accordance with them unless material considerations indicate otherwise. DPDs form an essential part of the Local Development Framework.
Detailed planning permission
They will meet the highest standards of sustainability, including low and zero carbon technologies and quality public transport systems. They will make use of brownfield land and surplus public sector land where practical and lead the way in design, facilities and services, and community involvement
The national regeneration support high quality sustainable growth in England
A government body that aims to prevent or minimise the effects of pollution on the environment and issues permits to monitor and control activities that handle or produce waste. It also provides up-to-date information on waste management matters and deals with other matters such as water issues including flood protection advice.
The lead Minister for all policies relating to Town & Country Planning, having powers of intervention on Development Plans and Planning Casework under certain circumstances.
Generally low-lying areas adjacent to a watercourse, tidal lengths of a river or the sea, where water flows in times of flood or would flow but for the presence of flood defences.
The title deeds of your land can be subject to different terms, freehold means that you have absolute ownership of the land as opposed to Leasehold where you are in effect renting it for an extended period.
A set of regulations made by the government which grants planning permission for specified limited or minor forms of development.
Areas of land usually around towns and cities that are currently protected from development, although the Government is currently reviewing this policy.
An undeveloped site that maybe ready for development.
The UK government body responsible for tracking ownership of the land.
Locations with a high demand for housing resulting in expensive pricing and rents making it difficult to enter the housing market. For example, some rural locations, commuter areas, and many locations in southern England
A planning appeal hearing undertaken in a structured way, but without the full formality of a local inquiry.
A report issued by an planning inspector regarding the planning issues debated at the independent examination of a development plan or a planning inquiry. Reports into Development Plan Documents (DPDs) will be binding upon local authorities. Issues, Options and Preferred Options The "pre-submission" consultation stages on Development Plan Documents with the objective of gaining public consensus over proposals ahead of submission to government for independent examination
A procedure by which the High Court may review the reasonableness of decisions made by local authorities, the first Secretary of State or lower courts, for example a planning decision.
A Government scheme running since 2004 helping key workers in London, the South East and East of England to buy a home, upgrade to a family home or rent a home at an affordable price. It replaced the Starter Home Initiative (2001-2004) which had similar goals.
A certificate issued by a local planning authority, on application, stating that an existing (LDC 191) or proposed use (LDC 192), or other forms of development, can be considered as lawful for planning purposes
Limits of development identify the area within which development proposals would be acceptable, subject to complying with other policies contained in the Development Plan. They seek to prevent development from gradually extending into the surrounding countryside.
LDDs These include Development Plan Documents (which form part of the statutory development plan) and Supplementary Planning Documents (which do not form part of the statutory development plan). LDDs collectively deliver the spatial planning strategy for the local planning authority's area.
The Local Development Framework (LDF) is a non-statutory term used to describe a folder of documents, which includes all the local planning authority's local development documents.
An LDF is comprised of:
An order made by a local planning authority extending permitted development rights for certain forms of development, with regard to a relevant Local Development Document.
The local planning authority's time-scaled programme for the preparation of Local Development Documents that must be agreed with government and reviewed every year.
Coalition Government legislation which includes the Right to Build.
Housing requirements generated by the indigenous population rather than by in-migration
An old-style development plan prepared by district and other local planning authorities. These plans will continue to operate for a time after the commencement of the new development plan system, by virtue of specific transitional provisions.
A five-year integrated transport strategy, prepared by local authorities in partnership with the community, seeking funding to help provide local transport projects. The plan sets out the resources predicted for delivery of the targets identified in the strategy. Local transport plans should be consistent with the policies and priorities set out in the Regional Transport Strategy as an integral part of the Regional Spatial Strategy.
A type of planning brief outlining the preferred usage of land and the overall approach to the layout of a developer. To provide detailed guidance for subsequent planning applications
Provision of a mix of complementary uses, such as residential, community and leisure uses, on a site or within a particular area
The protection, management and promotion of wildlife habitat for the benefit of wild species, as well as the communities that use and enjoy them.
Open farmland and fields that doesn't have the infrastructure nearby that is needed for development.
The Planning Inspectorate is the government body responsible for:
Formal approval sought from a council, often granted with conditions, allowing a proposed development to proceed. Permission may be sought in principle through outline planning applications, or be sought in detail through full planning applications
Issued by central government setting out its national land use policies for England on different areas of planning. These are gradually being replaced by Planning Policy Statements
A national website provided by the government for members of the public, local planning authorities and planning consultants. The Planning Portal features a wide range of information and services on planning
Communities and Local Government publication setting out detailed proposals for reform of the planning system, building on Kate Barker's recommendations for improving the speed, responsiveness and efficiency in land use planning, and taking forward Kate Barker's and Rod Eddington's proposals for reform of major infrastructure planning.
A procedure where permission is deemed granted if the local planning authority does not respond to the developer's application within a certain time. Often relating to telecommunication or agricultural developments
The economic, social and environmental renewal and improvement of rural and urban areas.
The nine Regional Development Agencies (RDAs) set up in the English regions are non-departmental public bodies. Their primary role is as a strategic driver of regional economic development in their region. The RDAs aim is to:
The regional housing strategy prioritises the housing needs of the region (by locations and/or types of expenditure) to allow decisions to be taken on how housing resources should be allocated within the region. It takes an overall view on regional housing need, housing investment priorities and affordable housing targets. This provides a regional context for local authorities in drawing up their own housing investment strategies and to identify regional priorities for housing investment to be funded through registered social landlords
A strategy for how a region should look in 15 to 20 years time and possibly longer. The Regional Spatial Strategy identifies the scale and distribution of new housing in the region, indicates areas for regeneration, expansion or sub-regional planning and specifies priorities for the environment, transport, infrastructure, economic development, agriculture, minerals and waste treatment and disposal. Most former Regional Planning Guidance is now considered RSS and forms part of the development plan. Regional Spatial Strategies are prepared by Regional Planning Bodies.
A strategy produced by the Regional Planning Body, informing local transport plans, and providing a strategic overview of transport strategies and investment priorities
Similar to Capital Gain, this simply means how much money did you make over and above your original investment. Often described as a % so if you put in £10k and got back £50k you made a 400% return on your original investment.
Change in local planning policy which would lead to a successful application for planning permission
Part of the Localism Bill which gives powers to local communities to decide the level and type of development in their areas.
A professional body furthering the art of town and country planning. Members can be accredited the status of MRTPI.
A development plan or Development Plan Document may allocate small sites within rural areas solely for affordable housing, which would not otherwise be released for general market housing
A legal agreement under section 106 of the 1990 Town & Country Planning Act. Section 106 agreements are legal agreements between a planning authority and a developer, or undertakings offered unilaterally by a developer, that ensure that certain extra works related to a development are undertaken
A site identified under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 (as amended by the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000) as an area of special interest by reason of any of its flora, fauna, geological or physiographical features (basically, plants, animals, and natural features relating to the Earth's structure).
An appraisal of the economic, environmental and social effects of a plan from the outset of the preparation process to allow decisions to be made that accord with sustainable development Sustainable Communities Places where people want to live and work, now and in the future Sustainable Communities Plan A programme issued by the government to set the framework for delivering sustainable communities over the next 15-20 years. The main areas of focus are housing supply, new growth areas, decent homes and the countryside and local environment.
In UK law, the Crown ultimately owns all of the land but grants ownership by title to others.
A mechanism for securing the preservation of single or groups of trees of acknowledged amenity value. A tree subject to a tree preservation order may not normally be topped, lopped or felled without the consent of the local planning authority
Studies undertaken to establish how much additional housing can be accommodated within urban areas
Making an urban area develop or grow strong again through means such as job creation and environmental renewal
The uncontrolled or unplanned extension of urban areas into the countryside
A general expression used to mean land (and buildings) without any specific proposal for allocation in a development plan, where it is intended that for the most part, existing uses shall remain undisturbed and unaltered.
Strips of land (for example, along a hedgerow) conserved and managed for wildlife, usually linking more extensive wildlife habitats.
Over a year, the net carbon emissions from all energy use in the home are zero. This includes energy use from cooking, washing and electronic entertainment appliances as well as space heating, cooling, ventilation, lighting and hot water.
The visual 'line of sight' or catchment area having the potential to be visually affected by a particular site or structure, such as wind turbines